In 1992, the United Nations started a meeting of nations to “avoid dangerous climate change”. The meetings, to be held every year, are called United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
The annual meetings are called “Conference of the parties”, (Cop) followed by the meeting number. This year it was COP26.
Each country is supposed to provide promises aka targets to meet goals to hold temperatures in line with survival of our species. Those national targets are called “nationally determined contributions” (NDC).
In 2015, the Paris agreement committed to limit heating to an increase of 1.5C.
You can read more about “the facts” here:
Meanwhile, it appears that the NDCs from this year’s COP have failed to stay in line with the Paris agreement. See this chart.
As David Attenborough said, there is “desperate hope” that we might still avoid disaster.
George Monblot said “Catastrophe is not a matter of fate, it’s a matter of choice.”